CEESD and GlobalResolve begin experiments on gel ethanol utilization
- August 5, 2019
- Posted by: admin
- Category: E-Shelve
CEESD and GlobalResolve – an NGO within Arizona State University – have begun research into gel ethanol production and dissemination in Ghana. The main objective is to develop strategies for large scale production and utilization of gel ethanol as a cooking fuel and as a substitute to woodfuels and LPG in households and institutions in Ghana.
Gel ethanol is obtained by mixing ethanol with a thickening agent and is seen as a potential clean substitute for woodfuels and LPG in Ghana. It burns with a clean blue flame, and its promotion as a household cooking fuel on a national scale is expected among other benefits to reduce: indoor air pollution which kills an estimated 1.5 million people globally (mostly women), reliance on traditional biomass, greenhouse gas emissions, and the rate of degradation of natural vegetation.
The project involves production of ethanol and subsequent gelling into gel fuel, development of cheap and sustainable gelling agents locally, design and fabrication of efficient and affordable gel ethanol stoves, market analysis, and development of enterprise-based promotion of gel ethanol.
A distillation plant capable of producing 100 litres of ethanol (95 %) daily has already been designed and installed by Global Resolve and CEESD at Domeabra, a rural community in the Asanti Akim district of Ghana. With funding from Global Resolve, ethanol will be produced and gelled and subsequently tested as cooking fuels in two schools – Mount Olivet International School at Kwadaso in Kumasi and Domeabra Senior High School in Domeabra, and a selected number of households. Feedbacks from the two schools and the selected households will provide information on the relative costs of using gel fuel against other household fuel such as charcoal, firewood, and LPG, in addition to other issues such as reliability and comfortability of using gel ethanol stoves.
This project is jointly implemented by GlobalResolve and CEESD with support from Nana Frimpong Afoakwa – Chief of Domeabra, and Heads of selected schools. It also involves students from Kumasi Polytechnic and Arizona State University who have been tasked with the development of local gelling agents and development of efficient gel fuel stoves with supervision from staff of the partner institutions (Engineers at CEESD and Global Resolve).